represented a separate phoneme, most likely /ʃ/ (transliterated as ś). The early Latin alphabet adopted sigma, however not san, as Old Latin did not have a /ʃ/ phoneme. First talked about in 1159, Düsseldorf (“Village on the Düssel,” a small tributary of the Rhine) was chartered in 1288 by the count of Berg and was the capital of the duchies of Berg and Jülich from 1511 till it passed to the Palatinate-Neuberg line in 1609.


Although the city suffered considerably in the Thirty Years’ War and the War of the Spanish Succession, it revived beneath the elector palatine Johann Wilhelm II (Jan Wellem). After being the capital of the short-lived Napoleonic grand duchy of Berg (1805–13), the city passed to Prussia in 1815. Rapid business and financial growth followed the institution of iron and steel industries within the 1870s. After the widespread devastation suffered throughout World War II, many of the city’s old buildings had been repaired and lots of new buildings erected. In the nearby Neander Valley is the Feldhofer Cave, the place stays of Neanderthal man had been first found in 1856.

However, Strong’s Hebrew and Greek lexicons are still used at present as a reference tool, and Strong’s original numbering system of Hebrew and Greek phrases has turn out to be the usual for original language reference in research of the Bible. This site duplicates most of the original content material of Strong’s Concordance with a word search in addition to a lexicon search. The identical is generally true for classical and pre-1900 loanwords, although on this case we find some exceptions which are at least optionally pronounced with /st/, /sp/ (e.g. Stil, Stola).

Smith & wesson mannequin 19

Other reminders of Düsseldorf’s illustrious past embody Jägerhof Castle (1752–63), which houses the city historical assortment; Benrath Castle (1755–73), constructed by Nicolas de Pigage; and the stays of the palace of Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa). In the 1890 version, James Strong added a “Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary” and a “Greek Dictionary of the New Testament” to his concordance. In the preface to each dictionaries, Strong explains that these are “temporary and simple” dictionaries, not meant to switch reference to “a extra copious and elaborate Lexicon.” He mentions Gesenius and fabswingers com Fürst as examples of the lexicons that Strong’s is drawn from. His dictionaries have been meant to offer college students a fast and easy way to search for phrases and have a basic thought of their which means. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible was constructed by a group of greater than 100 students under the course of Dr. James Strong (1822–1894) and first published in 1890.

From 1858 till 1861, Strong was both Acting President and Professor of Biblical Literature at Troy University. In 1868 he became Professor of Exegetical Theology at Drew Theological Seminary, where he remained for twenty-seven years. In 1884, he produced the Strong’s Concordance Bible, which continues to be in print right now. The use of ’s to form plurals of initialisms or numerals isn’t presently beneficial by most authorities, except when the which means would otherwise be unclear. The use in foreign words was widespread earlier than the 19th century, however is no longer accepted.[3] The use of the apostrophe in some other plural (as in “apple’s”) — the so-called “greengrocer’s apostrophe” — is proscribed.

Model 19 variants

Otherwise, pre-consonantal and word-final s is at all times pronounced /s/. There are, nonetheless, a couple of phrases in which ss may – optionally – be pronounced /z/ (e.g. Fussel, Massel, quasseln, Schussel). The minuscule type ſ, referred to as the lengthy s, developed in the early medieval period, within the Visigothic and Carolingian arms, with predecessors within the half-uncial and cursive scripts of Late Antiquity. It remained normal in western writing throughout the medieval interval and was adopted in early printing with movable varieties. It existed alongside minuscule “spherical” or “brief” s, which was at the time solely used on the finish of words.

Model 68

Dr. Strong was Professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary. The Strong’s Concordance is an exhaustive cross-reference of each phrase within the King James Bible cross referened to lexicons of the original languages of the Bible. The form of Latin S arises from Greek Σ by dropping one out of the four strokes of that letter.

⟨s⟩ represents the voiceless alveolar or unvoiced dental sibilant /s/ in most languages as properly as in the International Phonetic Alphabet. In some English phrases of French origin, the letter ⟨s⟩ is silent, as in ‘isle’ or ‘particles’. Modern know-how renders Strong’s unique concordance obsolete, since a computer can duplicate Strong’s work in a fraction of a second.